Chapter 1 - Of the Holy Scripture.
Chapter 2 - Of God, and of the Holy Trinity.
Chapter 3 - Of God’s Eternal Decree.
Chapter 4 - Of Creation.
Chapter 5 - Of Providence.
Chapter 6 - Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof.
Chapter 7 - Of God’s Covenant with Man.
Chapter 8 - Of Christ the Mediator.
Chapter 9 - Of Free Will.
Chapter 10 - Of Effectual Calling.
Chapter 11 - Of Justification.
Chapter 12 - Of Adoption.
Chapter 13 - Of Sanctification.
Chapter 14 - Of Saving Faith.
Chapter 15 - Of Repentance Unto Life.
Chapter 16 - Of Good Works.
Chapter 17 - Of The Perseverance of the Saints.
Chapter 18 - Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation.
Chapter 19 - Of the Law of God.
Chapter 20 - Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience.
Chapter 21 - Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath-day.

Chapter 22 - Of Lawful Oaths and Vows.

Section 1.) A lawful oath is a part of religious worship,(1) wherein, upon just occasion, the person swearing solemnly calleth God to witness what he asserteth or promiseth; and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he sweareth.(2)
(1) Dt 10:20. (2) Ex 20:7; Lev 19:12; 2Co 1:23; 2Ch 6:22,23.
Section 2.) The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence;(1) therefore, to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred.(2) Yet, as in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the New Testament as well as under the Old;(3) so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters, ought to be taken.(4)
(1) Dt 6:13. (2) Ex 20:7; Jer 5:7; Mt 5:34,37; Jas 5:12. (3) Heb 6:16; 2Co 1:23; Isa 65:16. (4) 1Ki 8:31; Ne 13:25; Ezr 10:5.
Section 3.) Whosoever taketh an oath, ought duly to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he fully persuaded is the truth.(1) Neither may any man bind himself by oath to anything but what is good and just, and what he believeth so to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform.(2)Yet it is a sin to refuse an oath touching anything that is good and just, being imposed by lawful authority.(3)
(1) Ex 20:7; Jer 4:2. (2) Ge 24:2,3,5,6,8,9. (3) Nu 5:19,21; Ne 5:12; Ex 22:7,8,9,10,11.
Section 4.) An oath is to be taken in the plain and common sense of the words, without equivocation, or mental reservation.(1) It cannot oblige to sin; but in anything not sinful being taken, it binds to performance, although to a man's own hurt;(2) nor is it to be violated, although made to heretics or infidels.(3)
(1) Jer 4:2; Ps 24:4. (2) 1Sa 25:22,32,33,34;Ps 15:4. (3) Eze 17:16,18,19; Josh. 9:18,19; 2Sa 21:1.
Section 5.) A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness.(1)
(1) Isa 19:21; Ecc 5:4,5,6; Ps 61:8; Ps 66:13,14.
Section 6.) It is not to be made to any creature, but to God alone:(1) and, that it may be accepted, it is to be made voluntarily, out of faith, and conscience of duty, in way of thankfulness for mercy received, or for the obtaining of what we want; whereby we more strictly bind ourselves to necessary duties, or to other things, so far and so long as they may fitly conduce thereunto.(2)
(1) Ps 76:11; Jer 44:25,26. (2) Dt 23:21,22,23; Ps 50:14; Ge 28:20,21,22; 1Sa 1:11; Ps 66:13,14; Ps 132:2-5.
Section 7.) No man may vow to do anything forbidden in the Word of God, or what would hinder any duty therein commanded, or which is not in his own power, and for the performance whereof he hath no promise of ability from God.(1) In which respects Popish monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious and sinful snares, in which no Christian may entangle himself.(2)
(1) Ac 23:12,14; Mk 6:26; Nu 30:5,8,12,13. (2) Mt 19:11,12; 1Co 7:2,9; Eph 4:28; 1Pe 4:2; 1Co 7:23.
Chapter 23 - Of the Civil Magistrate.
Chapter 24 - Of Marriage and Divorce.
Chapter 25 - Of the Church.
Chapter 26 - Of the Communion of the Saints.
Chapter 27 - Of the Sacraments.
Chapter 28 - Of Baptism.
Chapter 29 - Of the Lord’s Supper.
Chapter 30 - Of Church Censures.
Chapter 31 - Of Synods And Councils.
Chapter 32 - Of the State of Man After Death, and of the Resurrection of the Dead.
Chapter 33 - Of the Last Judgment.


  • "And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellow servants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled." ~ (Rev 6:9-11)